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2 Days in Córdoba, Spain: Architecture through the Ages

2 Days in Córdoba, Spain: Architecture through the Ages

Muslims, Jews and Christians once lived together peacefully in a city described by a famous Saxon poet as “The Ornament of the World”. That city was Córdoba, one of the grandest cities in Muslim Spain (Al-Andalus). Architectural gems from this enlightened period remain, as well as more recent Spanish buildings and even a relic from the distant past, when Córdoba was part of the Roman Empire.

We spent 2 days in Córdoba (Andalusia), admiring the exotic architecture and wandering around the narrow streets. Here are some ideas on what to see if you’re thinking of doing the same.

La Mesquita de Córdoba (The Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba)

Wow — this is one of those most beautiful buildings I’ve ever stepped foot in. There was originally a Catholic church on this site, but construction of the building we see today started in 784 AD. The Catholics decided to give it an extreme Christian makeover when they took over the city in 1236. I’m sure the remodel took away some of its beauty, but luckily they left the best bits — the rows and rows of candy-cane arches. You’ll struggle to find a more eye-catching interior anywhere in the world — if you’re anywhere near Córdoba it’s worth making a detour for this place alone. The Catholic part of the Mesquita isn’t quite as interesting, but walk around the perimeter of the massive, arch-filled complex and you’ll see other examples of intricate Muslim design. The outside of the Mesquita is nice as well — its massive stone walls feature lots of detail and there is a little garden full of oranges as you enter through the main gate. A ticket for the Mesquita will set you back €8. We didn’t have to queue at all but we visited in winter — it probably gets really packed during peak season.

2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- The Mezquita Cathedral / Mosque 2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- candy cane arches of the Mosque / Cathedral2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- La Mesquita2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- Mesquita exterior

Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos

This place is similar to the Alcázar in Seville and the Alhambra in Granada. While it doesn’t have the impressive interiors of those 2 historic wonders, it does have a lavish garden filled with long pools lined with orange trees. It’s the height of opulence — you can just imagine the ancient royals frolicking in their Eden-like water wonderland. The other highlight of the Alcázar is the view from the top of the main tower. In one direction are the old buildings of Córdoba as well as the Roman Bridge crossing the Guadalquivir River. In the other direction you get a bird’s eye view of the gardens. The Water Palace costs €4.50 and you can spend a good few hours relaxing in the peaceful gardens.

2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- Alcazar Real2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- Alcazar Real pools from above2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- The city from above

The Roman Bridge

Dating back over 2000 years, the Roman Bridge in Córdoba is still in remarkably good shape (but surely, like most people in Hollywood over the age of 40, it has had some work done). We walked across the bridge a few times, looking out over the Guadalquivir River and back towards the cluster of buildings in the old part of town. The Roman Bridge is a great place to go at night — it’s all lit up and is a hive of activity.

2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- The Roman Bridge2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- river view2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- The Roman Bridge at night

Juderia (The Jewish Quarter)

We stayed in a hotel right in the middle of the colourful Jewish Quarter. When we weren’t checking out Córdoba’s sights we were wandering the cobble-stone streets of this old neighbourhood.  This area is a good place to shop and eat, but if you’re looking for something a bit more local you’re better off heading to the downtown district between the Jewish Quarter and the train station.

2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- The Jewish Quarter 2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- the winding lanes of the Jewish Quarter

What we missed

We had planned to visit Madinat Al-Zahra, the ruins of the former administrative centre of Al-Andalus (Muslim Spain). There was some confusion over bus times and we eventually learned there was no afternoon bus that day (according to the woman at the tourist information office) — it was really frustrating. I guess it just means we’ll have to return to Córdoba next time we are in Europe. If you’ve been there, let me know what it’s like in the comments below.

2 Days in Cordoba: The Details

I don’t like to give hour by hour itineraries to people — who actually follows those anyway? If you’re spending 2 days in Córdoba I’d recommend spending a morning at the Mesquita followed by a casual walk around the city in the afternoon (don’t miss the Roman Bridge!). On the second day check out the Alcázar and Madinat Al-Zahra. There are also lots of other things to see, so go out and explore and, if you can, try and spend an extra day or 2 — it’s one of those cities that are enjoyable even if you’ve already seen the sights.

2 days in Córdoba, Spain -- the old city

Have you been to Córdoba? What is your favourite city in Andalusia? Let me know in the comments below!

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Jon Algie

A travel blogger from New Zealand who hates talking about himself in the third person and has no imagination when it comes to naming websites.


Thursday 4th of January 2018

Can I get to the various attractions you list without a car? We're staying in Malaga for a week and would like to take the train to Cordoba for a day, but not sure if it would be better to rent a car.

Jon Algie

Monday 29th of January 2018

You can do it pretty easily without a car -- the only place we couldn't get to was the ruins outside of town as the buses weren't running. I'm sure there are other villages / things to see nearby too so a car could be a good option if you really want to explore the area fully, but if you only have a day you'll easily fill it just in the central part of Cordoba.


Monday 1st of May 2017

Hi Jon- I just got back from a month in Spain and sadly, had to opt for other destinations other than Cordoba though it was on our list. We saw beautiful sights, ate beautiful food and lived the dream for a month. One thing i noticed, this being my third time in Spain, is how respectful, considerate and normal the Spanish men were/are towards women of ALL ages. Might i suggest, the next time you go to Spain, you take a LOT of notes from them. This: (but surely, like any good looking woman in Hollywood over the age of 40, it has had some work done). perhaps is your idea of humour? Or perhaps you still live under a rock. Or, perhaps you still need some lessons on respect and how not to be a sexist 15 year old. Perhaps a few more months with her might help? Or, as i suggested, go back to spain and actually take notice of how decent and advanced, respectful and normal the men there are. Making shitty derogatory comments about women and their looks in a post that has ZERO to do with them is fucking gross, outdated and makes you sound like a knuckle dragging mouth breather. charming.

Jon Algie

Thursday 11th of May 2017

Thanks for the interesting comment. It was a throwaway line that obviously wasn't meant to offend anyone (I've changed it slightly now). We are all guilty of that at times, yourself included. Your stereotype of the "sexist 15 year old" is surely offensive to the vast majority of well adjusted young people out there. The term mouth breather (meant as an insult against a person's intelligence) is also offensive to people who, for whatever medical reason, have to breath out of their mouths. Imagine if you were one of those people and your condition suddenly became used to ridicule stupid people. Perhaps, when writing an outraged comment about someone's lack of respect to a particular group, it'd be a good idea not to insult two other groups in the process. It makes you look like a hypocrite.


Monday 27th of March 2017

Thanks Jon for the information on Córdoba. We just returned from Andalucia, and loved our two days in Córdoba. We were disappointed by the ruins not being open on the day we wanted to go, but we were able to see a Córdoba soccer game and the other things on the list. We caught the bonus of free admission to La Mezquita because we arrived at 8:30 am, before services, saving us some cash for more tapas and Cana!

Jon Algie

Monday 27th of March 2017

I'm glad you enjoyed your trip and nice work getting free admission, saved quite a lot of money!